NAME: Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
As a zit or wound starts to heal, there may be a darker area of skin which forms post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. As part of the skin's normal reaction to inflammation, melanin (pigment) is produced in excess which eventually results in the discolouration of skin. It is chronic, more prevalent, more severe in people with darker skin. Although this condition usually gets better on its own, it may take months or even years to disappear and long-term care is required. The best treatment can be a combination of therapies.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation occurs when the skin becomes inflamed due to an injury or irritation, such as a scrape, rash, or pimple. The skin gets darker when the melanin is produced in large amounts while the skin is in the recovery period, where the protein that gives the skin its color is working.
This kind of hyperpigmentation can result from autoimmune conditions, infections, and other forms of inflammation in addition to accidents. For those with darker skin tones, acne is one of the most typical causes of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Even small pimples and blemishes might lead to hyperpigmentation. Yet, the size and color of the spot seem to increase with the severity of a breakout. Also, because it causes more inflammation, popping or picking a pimple raises the risk of developing Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
This hyperpigmentation can also be caused by imbalances and diseases in the metabolic process. This can include illnesses like the adrenal gland-affected Addison's disease as well as vitamin deficiency and other metabolic problems.
This typically appears as a flat region of skin discolouration. Depending on the severity of the discoloration and the tone of your skin, it may appear white, pink, red, purple, brown, or even black. Any skin type can develop this while those with medium to dark skin tones, however, often experience it more severely and for a longer period of time. Because those with darker skin have more melanin, there is a higher risk of developing post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation when certain skin conditions exist.